Our research is based upon:

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de Souza-Talarico JN, da Silva FC, de Motta Maia FO, Sichieri K, Cardoso D, Garcia P, Matos TM & Nascimento TS (2021).
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Elliott SR (2014). I
CU delirium: a survey into nursing and medical staff knowledge of current practices and perceived barriers towards ICU delirium in the intensive care unit. Intensive Crit Care Nurs; 30: 333-8.

Ely WE (2021).
Every Deep-Drawn Breath: A Critical Care Doctor on Healing, Recovery, and Transforming Medicine in the ICU. New York: Scribner.

Fisher JM, Gordon AL, MacLullich AM, Tullo E, Davis DH, Blundell A, Field RH & Teodorczuk A (2015). T
owards an understanding of why undergraduate teaching about delirium does not guarantee gold-standard practice--results from a UK national survey. Age Ageing; 44: 166-70.

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Intensive care nurses' opinions and current practice in relation to delirium in the intensive care setting. Intensive Crit Care Nurs; 31: 269-75.

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Effectiveness of multicomponent nonpharmacological delirium interventions: a meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med; 175: 512-20.

Jenkin RP, Al-Attar A, Richardson S, Myint PK, MacLullich AM & Davis DH (2016). I
ncreasing delirium skills at the front door: results from a repeated survey on delirium knowledge and attitudes. Age Ageing; 45: 517-22.

Karabulut N & Yaman Aktaş Y (2016).
Nursing Management of Delirium in the Postanesthesia Care Unit and Intensive Care Unit. J Perianesth Nurs; 31: 397-405.

Kotfis K, Williams Roberson S, Wilson JE, Dabrowski W, Pun BT & Ely EW (2020).
COVID-19: ICU delirium management during SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Crit Care; 24: 176.

Krotsetis S, Nydahl P, Dubb R, Hermes C, Kaltwasser A & von Haken R (2017).
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Lindroth H, Khan BA, Carpenter JS, Gao S, Perkins AJ, Khan SH, Wang S, Jones RN & Boustani MA (2020).
Delirium Severity Trajectories and Outcomes in ICU Patients: Defining a Dynamic Symptom Phenotype. Ann Am Thorac Soc.

Liu K, Nakamura K, Katsukawa H, Nydahl P, Ely EW, Kudchadkar SR, Takahashi K, Elhadi M, Gurjar M, Leong BK, Chung CR, Balachandran J, Inoue S, Lefor AK & Nishida O (2021).
Implementation of the ABCDEF Bundle for Critically Ill ICU Patients During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Multi-National 1-Day Point Prevalence Study. Frontiers in Medicine; 8.

Liu K, Nakamura K, Kudchadkar SR, Katsukawa H, Nydahl P, Ely EW, Takahashi K, Inoue S & Nishida O (2022).
Mobilization and Rehabilitation Practice in ICUs During the COVID-19 Pandemic. J Intensive Care Med: 8850666221097644.

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Delirium, sedation and analgesia in the intensive care unit: a multinational, two-part survey among intensivists. PLoS One; 9: e110935.

Luz M, Brandão Barreto B, de Castro REV, Salluh J, Dal-Pizzol F, Araujo C, De Jong A, Chanques G, Myatra SN, Tobar E, Gimenez-Esparza Vich C, Carini F, Ely EW, Stollings JL, Drumright K, Kress J, Povoa P, Shehabi Y, Mphandi W & Gusmao-Flores D (2022).
Practices in sedation, analgesia, mobilization, delirium, and sleep deprivation in adult intensive care units (SAMDS-ICU): an international survey before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Ann Intensive Care; 12: 9.

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Pathoetiological model of delirium: a comprehensive understanding of the neurobiology of delirium and an evidence-based approach to prevention and treatment. Crit Care Clin; 24: 789-856, ix.

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Practice Patterns and Opinions on Current Clinical Practice Guidelines Regarding the Management of Delirium in the Intensive Care Unit. J Pharm Pract.

Morandi A, Davis D, Taylor JK, Bellelli G, Olofsson B, Kreisel S, Teodorczuk A, Kamholz B, Hasemann W, Young J, Agar M, de Rooij SE, Meagher D, Trabucchi M & MacLullich AM (2013).
Consensus and variations in opinions on delirium care: a survey of European delirium specialists. Int Psychogeriatr; 25: 2067-75.

Morandi A, Di Santo SG, Zambon A, Mazzone A, Cherubini A, Mossello E, Bo M, Marengoni A, Bianchetti A, Cappa S, Fimognari F, Antonelli Incalzi R, Gareri P, Perticone F, Campanini M, Penco I, Montorsi M, Di Bari M, Trabucchi M & Bellelli G (2019).
Delirium, Dementia, and In-Hospital Mortality: The Results From the Italian Delirium Day 2016, A National Multicenter Study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci; 74: 910-916.

Morandi A, Piva S, Ely EW, Myatra SN, Salluh JIF, Amare D, Azoulay E, Bellelli G, Csomos A, Fan E, Fagoni N, Girard TD, Heras La Calle G, Inoue S, Lim CM, Kaps R, Kotfis K, Koh Y, Misango D, Pandharipande PP, Permpikul C, Cheng Tan C, Wang DX, Sharshar T, Shehabi Y, Skrobik Y, Singh JM, Slooter A, Smith M, Tsuruta R & Latronico N (2017).
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Mudge AM, McRae P, Banks M, Blackberry I, Barrimore S, Endacott J, Graves N, Green T, Harvey G, Hubbard R, Kurrle S, Lim WK, Lee-Steere K, Masel P, Pandy S, Young A, Barnett A & Inouye SK (2022).
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Nydahl P, Dewes M, Dubb R, Hermes C, Kaltwasser A, Krotsetis S & von Haken R (2018).
Survey among critical care nurses and physicians about delirium management. Nurs Crit Care; 23: 23-29.

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Pun BT, Badenes R, Heras La Calle G, Orun OM, Chen W, Raman R, Simpson BK, Wilson-Linville S, Hinojal Olmedillo B, Vallejo de la Cueva A, van der Jagt M, Navarro Casado R, Leal Sanz P, Orhun G, Ferrer Gómez C, Núñez Vázquez K, Piñeiro Otero P, Taccone FS, Gallego Curto E, Caricato A, Woien H, Lacave G, O'Neal HR, Jr., Peterson SJ, Brummel NE, Girard TD, Ely EW & Pandharipande PP (2021).
Prevalence and risk factors for delirium in critically ill patients with COVID-19 (COVID-D): a multicentre cohort study. Lancet Respir Med; 9: 239-250.

Richardson S, Teodorczuk A, Bellelli G, Davis DH, Neufeld KJ, Kamholz BA, Trabucchi M, MacLullich AM & Morandi A (2016).
Delirium superimposed on dementia: a survey of delirium specialists shows a lack of consensus in clinical practice and research studies. Int Psychogeriatr; 28: 853-61.

Paulino MC, Pereira IJ, Costa V, Neves A, Santos A, Teixeira CM, Coimbra I, Fernandes P, Bernardo R, Póvoa P, Granja C.
Sedation, analgesia, and delirium management in Portugal: a survey and point prevalence study. Rev Bras Ter Intensiva. 2022 Apr-Jun;34(2):227-236

Saller T, V Dossow V & Hofmann-Kiefer K (2016). [
Knowledge and implementation of the S3 guideline on delirium management in Germany]. Anaesthesist; 65: 755-762.

Selim AA & Wesley Ely E (2016).
Delirium the Under-Recognized Syndrome: Survey of Health Care Professionals' Awareness and Practice in the Intensive Care Units. J Clin Nurs.

Stollings JL, Kotfis K, Chanques G, Pun BT, Pandharipande PP & Ely EW (2021).
Delirium in critical illness: clinical manifestations, outcomes, and management. Intensive Care Med; 47: 1089-1103.

Trogrlić Z, Ista E, Ponssen HH, Schoonderbeek JF, Schreiner F, Verbrugge SJ, Dijkstra A, Bakker J & van der Jagt M (2016).
Attitudes, knowledge and practices concerning delirium: a survey among intensive care unit professionals. Nurs Crit Care.

Wilson JE, Mart MF, Cunningham C, Shehabi Y, Girard TD, MacLullich AMJ, Slooter AJC & Ely EW (2020).
Delirium. Nature Reviews Disease Primers; 6: 90.

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